Facts About the Jewish Bible
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This is a Fact Sheet about certain aspects of the Jewish Bible, also known as Tanakh.

This Fact Sheet is in two parts...

  • Part 1: The books that comprise the Tanakh
  • Part 2: Comparison of Selected Messianic Prophecies as Recorded in a Jewish Bible Version (JPS) and a Christian Bible Version (KJV)

Part 1: The books that comprise the Tanakh

Jewish people call their Bible the Tanakh.

Tanakh is an acronym based upon the 3 divisions of the Hebrew Bible -- the Law, the Prophets, and the Writings.

The Hebrew words for these are...

  • Torah (the Law)
  • Nebi ' im (the Prophets)
  • Kethubim (the Writings)

The first letters of these 3 words are T-N-K, which come together in the word TaNaKh.

The threefold division of the Jewish Bible was alluded to by Jesus when He said...

These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in
the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me. Luke 24.44

Torah (The Law)

Nebhi ' im (The Prophets)

Kethubim (The Writings)

Beresheet (Genesis)

Shemot (Exodus)

Vayikra (Leviticus)

Bamidbar (Numbers)

Devarim (Deuteronomy)

Former Prophets

  • Yehoshua (Joshua)
  • Shofetim (Judges)
  • Shemu'el (1 & 2 Samuel)
  • Melakhim (1 & 2 Kings)

Latter Prophets

  • Yesha'yahu (Isaiah)
  • Yirmeyahu (Jeremiah)
  • Yechezkel (Ezekiel)
  • The Twelve
Hoshea (Hosea)
Yo'el (Joel)
`Amos (Amos),
'Ovadyah (Obadiah)
Yonah (Jonah),
Mikha (Micah)
Nachum (Nahum)
Havakkuk (Habakkuk)
Tzefanyah (Zephaniah)
Haggay (Haggai)
Zekharyah (Zechariah)
Mal'akhi (Malachi)

Poetical Books

  • Tehillim (Psalms)
  • Mishle (Proverbs)
  • Iyov (Job)

Five Rolls (Megilloth)

  • Shir Hashirim (Song of Songs)
  • Rut (Ruth)
  • Ekha (Lamentations)
  • Kohelet (Ecclesiastes)
  • Ester (Esther)

Historical Books

  • Daniyel (Daniel)
  • `Ezra (Ezra)
  • Nechemyah (Nehemiah)
  • Divre HaYamim (1 & 2 Chronicles)

Part 2: Comparison of Selected Messianic Prophecies

Bible References

King James Version

1917 Jewish Publication Society Bible

Gen 3.15

And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; they shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise their heel.

Ps 2.11-12

Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Do homage in purity, lest He be angry, and ye perish in the way, when suddenly His wrath is kindled. Happy are all they that take refuge in Him.

Ps 22.16

For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. For dogs have encompassed me; a company of evil-doers have inclosed me; like a lion, they are at my hands and my feet.

Isa 7.14

Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.

Isa 9.6

For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace For a child is born unto us, a son is given unto us; and the government is upon his shoulder; and his name is called Pele - joez - el- gibbor -Abi -ad -sar - shalom

Isa 53.10-11

Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days, and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.
He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear their iniquities.
Yet it pleased the LORD to crush him by disease; to see if his soul would offer itself in restitution, that he might see his seed, prolong his days, and that the purpose of the LORD might prosper by his hand:
Of the travail of his soul he shall see to the full, even My servant, who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many, and their iniquities he did bear.

Zech 12.10

And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn. And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplication; and they shall look unto Me because they have thrust him through; and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him, as one that is in bitterness for his first-born.

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