Topical Studies About Heaven - Page 5
continued from page 4

Index of Page 5 Studies

Study #15 - Where Is New Jerusalem Located? Study #17 - The Wall Around New Jerusalem
Study #16 - Size and Shape of New Jerusalem Notes and Rationale for Page 5

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Introduction to Page 5

The studies on this page refer to four technical notes.

The four technical notes give further explanation and rationale for certain OPINIONS contained in the studies.

The studies will be more cohesive if you read right through the studies, then read the technical notes afterward.

However, if you prefer to read the technical notes at the point where they are referred to in a study, you can easily do so. Simply click on the note, and you will go right to it. When you're finished reading the note, there's a click spot to take you right back to your place in the study.

Study #15 -- Where is New Jerusalem Located?

Chapter 21 of Revelation reveals events that will take place in the future...

  • In the future, New Jerusalem will descend from Heaven, to rest on the Earth. (More about this, in a forthcoming future study.)
  • Since the prophecies in Revelation 21 are not as yet fulfilled, the present location of New Jerusalem is in God's Heaven. Its future location is on Planet Earth.
  • TAKE NOTICE - At present, New Jerusalem (Paradise) is a place within God's Heaven. Thus, New Jerusalem is NOT ALL of God's Heaven.
  Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God Rev 21.2b

Study #16 -- Shape & Size of New Jerusalem

New Jerusalem is laid out as a square. Note 1

Its length and breadth are equal.
  And the city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as its breadth. Rev 21.16a
The perimeter of New Jerusalem is 12 thousand furlongs. Note 2   And he (the angel) measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Rev 21.16b

Each furlong equals one-eighth of a mile.

  • Accordingly, the perimeter of New Jerusalem is 1,500 miles.
  • Since New Jerusalem is laid out as a square, this means that each side of New Jerusalem is 375 miles long.
  • In summary, New Jerusalem has an area of 140,625 square miles, or 90 million acres.
  Fur·long (fûr lông) n. Abbr. fur. A unit for measuring distance, equal to one-eighth mile (201 meters). American Heritage Dictionary

Study #17 -- The Wall Around New Jerusalem

The outer boundaries of the garden city are established by a large wall that completely surrounds it.

The wall measures 144 cubits. In our OPINION, this is a measure of the wall's
height.
  Then he (an angel) measured its (New Jerusalem's) wall: one hundred and forty-four cubits Rev 21.17a

216 Feet High

One cubit is approximately one foot and a half.

Therefore, the height of the wall approximates 216 feet.

  CUBIT - Strong's Number: 4083 (pechus)
Denotes the forearm, i.e., the part between the hand and the elbowjoint; hence, "a measure of length," not from the wrist to the elbow, but from the tip of the middle finger to the elbow joint, i.e., about a foot and a half, or a little less than two feet, Matt. 6:27; Luke 12:25; John 21:8; Rev. 21:17.
Vine's New Testament Dictionary

Translucent Jasper

New Jerusalem's wall is constructed of jasper. Jasper is a cryptocrystalline variety of quartz that may be red, yellow, or brown.

  And the construction of its wall was of jasper Rev 21.18a
In our OPINION, New Jerusalem's wall is a thick, translucent sheet of jasper. That is, the garden city's wall transmits light.   JASPER - Strong's Number: 2393 (iaspis)
A Phoenician word (cf. Heb. yash'pheh, e.g., Exod. 28:20; 39:16), seems to have denoted a translucent stone of various colors, especially that of fire, Rev. 4:3; 21:11, 18, 19. The sardius and the jasper, of similar color, were the first and last stones on the breastplate of the high priest, Ex. 28:17, 20.
Vine's New Testament Dictionary

12 Foundation Pillars (Stele)

New Jerusalem's wall has 12 foundations.

The names of the 12 apostles of Jesus are inscribed on the foundations.

The foundations are adorned with precious stones.

  Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. Rev 21.14

And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of
precious stones Rev 21.19a
In our OPINION, the wall's foundations are 12 supporting pillars (stele), one at each corner of the wall, and two on each side of the wall. Note 3   STELE - an upright stone slab or pillar engraved with an inscription or design and used as a monument. New World Dictionary

The Gates of New Jerusalem

The wall of the garden city has 12 gates, three on each side.

There are 12 angels who attend the gates.

The names of the 12 tribes of Israel are inscribed on the gates.

  Also she had a great and high wall with twelve gates, and twelve angels at the gates, and names written on them, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: three gates on the east, three gates on the north, three gates on the south, and three gates on the west. Rev 21.12-13
Each of the 12 gates is constructed of one pearl. Note 4   And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. Rev 21.21a

Notes and Rationale for Page 5
Click Here if you have already read the Notes

NOTE 1 -- The Shape of New Jerusalem

Some folks think that New Jerusalem is a cube, because Revelation 21.16 says, "Its length, breadth, and height are equal."   And the city is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as its breadth. And he measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. Rev 21.16
Based on the various verses that describe New Jerusalem, it is Bible Bell's OPINION that New Jerusalem is a huge area of land -- a garden, to be precise. It is square, not cube-shaped.

Our rationale is given in following paragraphs...
   
  • The Bible says New Jerusalem is laid out as a square. It does not say it is laid out as a cube.
  And the city is laid out as a square (tetragonos), and its length is as great as its breadth. Rev 21.16a
  • In Revelation 21.16, "square" translates the Greek word tetragonos. Tetragonos means four cornered. A square is 4-cornered whereas a cube is 8-cornered.
  tetragonos ^5068^, "four-cornered" (from tetra, and gonia, "a corner, or angle"), is found in <Rev. 21:16>
(from Vine's Expository Dictionary of Biblical Words)
(Copyright (C) 1985, Thomas Nelson Publishers)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance 5068 - tetragonos
four-cornered, i.e. square:
KJV--foursquare.
  • A cube would be a building. As shown in Study #14 (on a previous page), New Jerusalem is Paradise -- a garden (Gk paradeisos), not a building.
  Strong's Exhaustive Concordance 3857 - paradeisos
a park, i.e. (specifically) an Eden (place of future happiness, "paradise"):

KJV--paradise.
  • New Jerusalem is surrounded by a wall. A cube-shaped New Jerusalem would be a building, 350 miles tall. A building such as this would not need a wall. A private garden would.
  Also she (New Jerusalem) had a great and high wall with twelve gates Rev 21.12a
  • A river flows in New Jerusalem. Orchards of fruit trees are there. These are attributes of a garden. not of a giant, cube-shaped building.
  And he (an angel) showed me (the apostle John) a pure river of water of life, clear as crystal, proceeding from the throne of God and of the Lamb. In the middle of its street, and on either side of the river, was the tree of life, which bore twelve fruits, each tree yielding its fruit every month. Rev 21.1-2a
  • The fact that New Jerusalem's height is the same as its length and breadth does not mandate a cube-shaped building.
  • Mount Zion is located at the heavenly New Jerusalem. The height of the Mount defines the height of the city. Return #1 to the main study
  Its (New Jerusalem's) length, breadth, and height are equal. Rev 21.16b

But you have come to
Mount Zion and to the city of the living God, the heavenly Jerusalem Heb 12.22a

NOTE 2 -- The Size of New Jerusalem

Revelation 21.16 may mean that each side of New Jerusalem is 12,000 furlongs (1,500 miles).

  • Bible Bell interprets this verse as referring to New Jerusalem's perimeter, NOT each side.
  • Revelation 21.16 says the angel measured the city. We think this means the city as a whole, not just its respective sides.
  • By Bible Bell's interpretation (OPINION), each of the city's four sides would be 3,000 furlongs (375 miles). Return #2 to the main study
  And the city (New Jerusalem) is laid out as a square, and its length is as great as its breadth. And he (an angel) measured the city with the reed: twelve thousand furlongs. Its length, breadth, and height are equal. Rev 21.16

Note 3 -- The Foundations of the Walls of New Jerusalem

Notice that it is New Jerusalem's wall that has foundations, NOT the garden city itself.

A garden city does not need foundations. A wall does.
  Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. Rev 21.14

Notice also that it is possible to view precious stones and the names of the apostles on the foundations.

  • This viewing would not be possible if the foundations were embedded in the earth under the wall.
  • This leads us to conclude that the foundations are pillars (stele). Return #3 to the main study
  Now the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb. Rev 21.14

And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of
precious stones Rev 21.19a

Note 4 -- The Pearls, Precious Stones, and Golden Streets of New Jerusalem

The Bible clearly states that New Jerusalem is adorned with huge pearls, streets of pure gold, and all manner of precious stones.

Some folks say that these adornments brand the description of the garden city as being symbolic or even mythical in nature.
  And the foundations of the wall of the city were adorned with all kinds of precious stones Rev 21.19a

And the twelve gates were twelve pearls: each individual gate was of one pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass.
Rev 21.21
Some folks even say (in effect), "There ain't no such thing as a pearl big enough to be a city gate."

To which statement Bible Bell responds, "Mere humans can make
imitation pearls that big. OF COURSE God can create real pearls of any size that suits His purpose."
  But Jesus looked at them and said to them, "With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.'' Mt 19.26
The Bible clearly states that God adorned New Jerusalem as a bride for her husband.

We humans give jewels and gold to those we love. Why should we have any difficulty in believing that God gives such gifts to
His loved ones (the citizens of New Jerusalem)?
  Then I, John, saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband. Rev 21.2

The only reason that there are precious stones, gold, and other beautiful things on the earth is because God created them.

  • You see beauty throughout God's creation -- butterfly wings, crystalline snowflakes, flowers, multi-colored fish and birds -- beauty!

  • God enjoys beauty. That's why He created jewels and other beautiful things on earth. And that's why He created jewels and other beautiful things in Heaven.

  • Why should anyone have even the slightest difficulty in understanding that?


Post Script - When you thank God for (e.g.) bringing a beautiful newborn baby into your family and heart, remember -- a dog or a tree would not recognize the beauty of that baby. But YOU do.

  • Thus, you should thank God, not only for the child's beauty, but for the fact that He vested you with the discernment to see and relish the beauty of that child.
  • POINT IS - your very ability to recognize and enjoy beauty, to relish the perfume of flowers, to be transcended by music, ALL are gifts from God to you. Return #4 to the main study

For more Studies about Heaven ==> Page 6

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